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Gamla

Often referred to as the “Masada of the North”, Gamla was the scene of a ferocious battle between the Romans and the Jews during the Great Revolt in 68 CE. According to the historian Josephus, some four thousand of the inhabitants were slaughtered by the Romans, while a further five thousand jumped to their deaths rather than fall into enemy hands. Thereafter the city was destroyed and eventually covered over by sand.

Some 1900 years later, following the Six Day war, the site was excavated by Shmaryahu Gutman. Impressive finds included the ancient synagogue, arrowheads, Roman ballista and numerous buildings and fortifications. Gamla is also home to a unique conservation project for the majestic Griffon Vulture.